Timor Sharan is an Associate Fellow at IDEAS, London School of Economics and Political Science’s foreign policy think tank, London, U.K. He was formerly the International Crisis Group’s Policy Analyst for Afghanistan and worked as a Senior Civil Servant for the Afghan government. He completed his doctorate at the University of Exeter and his MPhil at the University of Cambridge, U.K.
Inside Afghanistan: Political Networks, Informal Order and State Disruption
On Timor Sharan’s Bookshelf
Bazaar Politics, by Noah Coburn
This ethnographic study takes a micro-level approach to understand statehood and governance in Afghanistan by examining power dynamics in a small town North of Kabul, Istalif, and provides insight underlying the role of informal actors and war economy in supporting and maintaining informal order in rural Afghanistan. My work is inspired by Coburn’s study and builds on it to provide a macro level analysis of the role and power dynamics of political networks in everyday governance and statehood in post-2001 Afghanistan.
Warlord Survival, by Romain Malejacq
Warlord Survival makes a compelling case that strongmen/warlords are are an integral part of the state, where they help build bureaucratic institutions, reinforce or undermine democratic processes as spoilers and statebuilders. I have utilised Malejacq’s framing of power resources which he employed in relation to warlords’ survival to demonstrate how political networks in post-2001 Afghanistan assemble, strategise, and operationalise diverse power resources to advance their goals. Power resources are essentially the medium through which political actors express and exert their power in different settings. In my work, Inside Afghanistan, I depart from Malejacq by showing that warlords are one type of political network amongst many other forms of actors including technocratic and family networks. I show how different sources of power produce diverse power resources which actors—in my case, political networks and their associates—can rally and operationalise daily to survive and, by investing in other resources, further strengthen and maintain network clientele.